Title: Outcome of very early onset inflammatory bowel disease associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis: a multicenter study from the Pediatric IBD Porto Group of ESPGHAN
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 2023, Sep 28. [E–publication]
Date of publication: September 2023
Abstract: Background: Whether primary sclerosing cholangitis related to inflammatory bowel disease (PSC-IBD) diagnosed before 6 years (ie, VEO-IBD) has a distinct phenotype and disease course is uninvestigated. We aimed to analyze the characteristics and natural history of VEO-PSC-IBD, compared with early and adolescent-onset PSC-IBD.
Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective, case-control study from 15 centers affiliated with the Porto and Interest IBD group of ESPGHAN. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, and imaging data were collected at baseline and every 6 months. Inflammatory bowel disease-related (clinical remission, need for systemic steroids and biologics, and surgery) and PSC-related (biliary and portal hypertensive complications, need for treatment escalation and liver transplantation, cholangiocarcinoma, or death) outcomes were compared between the 2 groups.
Results: Sixty-nine children were included, with a median follow-up of 3.63 years (interquartile range, 1-11): 28 with VEO-PSC-IBD (23 UC [82%], 2 IBD-U [7%] and 3 [11%] CD), and 41 with PSC-IBD (37 UC [90%], 3 IBDU [7.5%] and 1 [2.5%] CD). Most patients with UC presented with pancolitis (92% in VEO-PSC-UC vs 85% in PSC-UC, P = .2). A higher number of patients with VEO-PSC-IBD were diagnosed with PSC/autoimmune hepatitis overlap syndrome than older children (24 [92%] vs 27 [67.5%] PSC-IBD, P = .03), whereas no other differences were found for PSC-related variables. Time to biliary strictures and infective cholangitis was lower in the VEO-PSC-IBD group (P = .01 and P = .04, respectively), while no difference was found for other outcomes. No cases of cholangiocarcinoma were reported.
Conclusions: Primary sclerosing cholangitis related to inflammatory bowel disease has similar baseline characteristics whether diagnosed as VEO-IBD or thereafter. A milder disease course in terms of biliary complications characterizes VEO-PSC-IBD.