Title: The advantages of duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction in pediatric living donor liver transplantation
Source: Pediatric Surgery International 2023, 9 (1): 286
Date of publication: November 2023
Publication type: Article
Abstract: Background: Whether Roux-en-Y hepatic jejunectomy (HJ) or duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction (DD) is more useful in pediatric living donor liver transplantation has not yet been fully investigated. Therefore, to assess the feasibility and safety of DD, we compared the surgical outcomes of DD to HJ.
Methods: We divided 45 patients, excluding those with biliary atresia, into the DD group (n = 20) and the HJ group (n = 25), according to the type of biliary reconstruction they received.
Results: The 5-year survival rates (DD vs. HJ = 79.7% vs. 83.6%, p = 0.70) and the incidence of biliary complications, including bile leakage and stricture (DD vs. HJ = 1 [5.0%] vs. 1 [4.0%], p = 0.87) were not significantly different between the groups. However, intestinal complications, including bowel perforation or ileus, were significantly common in the HJ group (9/25 [36.0%]) than in the DD group (1/20 [5.0%]; p = 0.01). The three patients in the HJ group with intestinal perforation all suffered perforation at the anastomosed site in the Roux-en-Y procedure. The subgroup analysis showed the non-inferiority of DD to HJ for biliary or intestinal complications in patients weighting < 10 kg.
Conclusion: With a proper selection of cases, DD should be a safe method for biliary reconstruction in pediatric recipients with little risk of biliary complications equivalent to HJ and a reduced risk of intestinal complications.